Mood disorders will be discussed in this article. Mood disorders are the leading causes of unstable mood, crying spells, flat affects and sad dispositions. It is very important to know how to define mood disorders, so that you can be your own detector, as well as, observe specific behaviors in others.
What is a Mood Disorder?
A mood disorder may consist of Bipolar 1; Bipolar II; Major Depressive Disorder and/or anxiety disorders. Bipolar I Disorder is a manic depressive mood disorder, which is usually confused with Bipolar II Disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Bipolar I consists of irritable mood. In order to be diagnosed with Bipolar I disorder, symptoms of manic episodes and major depressive episodes must be present. Bipolar II Disorder must include Hypomanic episodes and major depressive episodes. What defines a Bipolar II Disorder is having at least one hypomanic episode. In other words, a person suffering from depression will be diagnosed with major depressive disorder, until one hypomanic episode presents. Once a hypomanic episode occurs, Bipolar II is assigned as a diagnosis. Once a hypomanic episode occurs, there is chance that another may also occur in the near future. Major Depressive Episodes consist of five or more of the following symptoms and have been present for at least two weeks.
The five symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder are those as follows:
1) Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day. Feelings of sadness, emptiness or hopelessness.
2) Diminished interest or pleasure in some or all activities, every day or nearly every day.
3) Significant weight loss, without dieting and or weight gain. Indicators will show 5% in body weight in a month.
4) Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day.
5) Psychomotor Agitation. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013,pg125).
A person must have at least five traits to be diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Other symptoms included in MDD include fatigue, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, inability to concentrate or make decisions, and/or recurrent thoughts of death (American Psychiatric Association 2013,pg125).
General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) consists of excessive anxiety and worry, also known as, anticipated expectation, which occurs most days, lasting at least six months about a number of events or activities. A person with GAD has difficulty controlling their worry and has difficulties in three or more areas, including restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance, (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
What Are Manic Episodes?
A manic episode is a distinctly abnormal period involving a persistently elevated and irritable mood. Being manic is like having an increase in goal- directed activities or energy. Manic episodes may also consist of inflated self-esteem or grandiosity. People with manic episodes may also have a decreased need for sleep, for example, feeling rested after three hours of sleep. Individuals may have pressured speech or are more talkative during a manic episode. Individuals may also have a flight of ideas, which is indicative of racing thoughts. Distractibility and inability to stay focused is another symptom. Involvement in risky behaviors is another key factor of manic episodes, for example spending sprees, dangerous sexual behaviors, unintelligent investments etc. These behaviors must last a week and be present every day or nearly every day, (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p124.).
Hypomanic episodes consists of persistently elevated or irritable moods, increased activity or energy, lasting most of the day or nearly every day. An Inflated mood; decreased need for sleep; feeling rested after three hours; more talkative with pressured speech; flight of ideas or racing thoughts; distractibility; attention to unimportant things; increased goal direction; increased goal directed activity and risky behaviors. These behaviors must be last 4 days and 3 nights, most of the day, nearly every day.
If you would like to work with me as your mental health coach, contact me at 626-789-5441
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed). Washington DC.
16 thoughts on “Mood Disorders”
Good blog you’ve got here.. It’s difficult to find high-quality
writing like yours these days. I truly appreciate
individuals like you! Take care!!
This article is actually a good one it assists new internet users,
who are wishing for blogging.
I think this is among the most vital information for me.
And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The website style
is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers
I like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
I will bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently.
I am quite sure I will learn many new stuff right
here! Best of luck for the next!
Hello, just wanted to mention, I liked this blog
post. It was inspiring. Keep on posting!
I’m really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility
problems? A handful of my blog readers have complained about my blog not
working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?
This is my first time go to see at here and
i am really impressed to read everthing at single place.
Excellent website. A lot of useful info here.
I’m sending it to some friends ans also sharing in delicious.
And of course, thanks to your sweat!
Someone necessarily lend a hand to make severely articles
I would state. That is the very first time I frequented your website page and
thus far? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual submit extraordinary.
Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed!
Extremely useful information specially the last section :
) I care for such info much. I used to be seeking this particular information for a long time.
Thank you and best of luck.
Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual appearance.
I must say you’ve done a fantastic job with this. In addition,
the blog loads very quick for me on Safari. Excellent Blog!
This is the perfect blog for anybody who really wants to find out about this topic.
You know so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I personally
would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic which has been written about for
decades. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!
Nice post. I was checking constantly this weblog and I’m impressed!
Extremely useful information specifically the ultimate section 🙂 I take care
of such info a lot. I used to be seeking this particular info for a long
time. Thank you and best of luck.
Hi, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i
came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance
my web site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!
I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog.
Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one today.
My brother recommended I would possibly like this web site.
He was entirely right. This post actually made my day.
You cann’t consider just how much time I had spent for this
information! Thank you!